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Summary of the O.T. Doctrine of the Holy Spirit

  1. The personality and Deity of the Holy Spirit appear from the attributes ascribed to Him, and from His works.
  2. He is revealed as sharing the work of creation and therefore omnipotent (Gen. 1:2; Job 26:13; 33:4; Psa. 104:30); as omnipresent (Psa. 139:7); as striving with men (Gen. 6:3); as enlightening (Job 32:8); enduing with constructive skill (Ex. 28:3; 31:3); giving physical strength (Jdg. 14:6, 19); executive ability and wisdom (Jdg. 3:10; 6:34; 11:29; 13:25),; enabling men to receive and utter divine revelations (Num. 11:25; 2 Sam. 23:2); and, generally, as empowering the servants of God (Psa. 51:12; Joel 2:28; Mic. 3:8; Zech. 4:6).
  3. He is called holy (Psa. 51:11); good (Psa. 143:10); the Spirit of judgment and burning (Isa. 4:4); of Jehovah, of wisdom, understanding, counsel, might, good, knowledge, the fear of the Lord (Isa. 11:2), and of grace and supplications (Zech. 12:10).
  4. In the O.T. the Spirit acts in free sovereignty, coming upon men and even upon a dumb beast as He will, nor are conditions set forth (as in the N.T.) by complying with which any one may receive the Spirit. The indwelling of every believer by the abiding Spirit is a N.T. blessing consequent upon the death and resurrection of Christ (John 7:39; 16:7; Acts 2:33; Gal. 3:1-6).
  5. The O.T. contains predictions of a future pouring out of the Spirit upon Israel (Eze. 37:14; 39:29), and upon “all flesh” (Joel 2:28-29). The expectation of Israel, therefore, was twofold—of the coming of Messiah-Immanuel, and of such an effusion of the Spirit as the prophets described. See Mat. 1:18, refs.

1. Scofield, C. I. The Scofield Study Bible.

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